IELTS RECENT ACTUAL TEST WITH ANSWERS (VOL 4) LISTENING PRACTICE TEST 1

      12
You have a full operational command of the language. Your use of English is appropriate, accurate and fluent, and you show complete understanding.
You have a fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriate usage. You may misunderstand some things in unfamiliar situations. You handle complex detailed argumentation well.
You have a fully operational command of the language with only occasional unsystematic inaccuracies and inappropriate usage. You may misunderstand some things in unfamiliar situations. You handle complex detailed argumentation well.
You have an operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally you handle complex language well and understand detailed reasoning.
You have an operational command of the language, though with occasional inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings in some situations. Generally you handle complex language well and understand detailed reasoning.
Generally you have an effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings. You can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
Generally you have an effective command of the language despite some inaccuracies, inappropriate usage and misunderstandings. You can use and understand fairly complex language, particularly in familiar situations.
You have a partial command of the language, and cope with overall meaning in most situations, although you are likely to make many mistakes. You should be able to handle basic communication in your own field.
You have a partial command of the language, and cope with overall meaning in most situations, although you are likely to make many mistakes. You should be able to handle basic communication in your own field.
Your basic competence is limited to familiar situations. You frequently show problems in understanding and expression. You are not able to use complex language.
Your basic competence is limited to familiar situations. You frequently show problems in understanding and expression. You are not able to use complex language.
You convey and understand only general meaning in very familiar situations. There are frequent breakdowns in communication.
You convey and understand only general meaning in very familiar situations. There are frequent breakdowns in communication.
1 Central : MARY JANE 2 address : ADDRESS 3 pool : POOL 4 reception : RECEPTION 5 view : VIEW 6 price(s) : PRICES 7 Spanish : BROCHURE 8 July : JULY 9 Cliffton : CLIFFTON 10 903036602 : 903036602 11 C : C 12 A : A 13 C : C 14 C : C 15 A : A 16 C : C 17 E : C 18 A : A 19 G : F 20 D : D 21 C : C 22 A : A 23 A : A 24 A : A 25 E : E 26 G : A 27 C : C 28 A : B 29 B : B 30 H : H 31 temperature : TEMPERATURE 32 movements : DAYLIGHT MOVEMENT 33 bones : BONES 34 bushes : BUSHES 35 roots : ROOTS 36 sharks : sharks 37 chicks : CHICKS 38 feathers : feather 39 space(s) : SPACE 40 diversity : DIVERSITY

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Review & Explanations:


Section 1: Questions 1-10

Questions 1-10


Complete the notes below.

Bạn đang xem: Ielts recent actual test with answers (vol 4) listening practice test 1

Write ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.

Revision Note


Example

• Problem with:the brochure sample

• Company name: 1 Hotel Chains

• Letters of the 2 should be bigger.

• The information of the 3 should be removed.

• Change the description under the top photo to 4

• Use the picture with the 5 of the hotel.

• The 6 should be in red print.

• Translate into 7

• Deadline: by the end of 8

• Address: No. 9 Green Drive, 9 , NY21300

• Telephone number: 10


1 Answer: Central
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

The words which lead you to the answer are underlined.

The word/number you must write for the answer is marked.

words which you might wrongly think could be the answer are in italics.


Note: Question1will need to be answered with anAdjective.

You need to complete the name’s company. The customer said that she come from Central Hotel Chains, so the blank before Hotel Chains needs to be completed with Central.


Next
Section 1
Section 2: Questions 11-20

Questions 11-16


Choose the correct letter. A, B or C.


11

The most famous view in this park is


A the largest waterfall worldwide. B the longest river in the world. C the biggest sub-tropical rainforest in the world.
Answer: C
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Q11:

Note: All 3 options appeared in the audio: waterfall, longest river and biggest (largest) sub-tropical rainforest.

But the question is about “the most famous view”, it has a same meaning with “most renowed”. So we choose C (the biggest sub-tropical rainforest in the world) as the correct answer of this question.


12

According to the tour guide, what is best to do on top of the mountain?


A having a picnic B taking photos C strolling about
Answer: A
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Q12:

According to the tour guide, there is nothing better than having a picnic under the trees with your family.

He mentioned neither “taking photos” nor “strolling about”. So it is clearly that the correct answer of this question is A (having a picnic).


13

What did the tour guide recommend for more experienced walkers?


A the mountain trail B the Bush Track C the Creek Circuit
Answer: C
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Q13 - Note:

The tour guide suggested that only expert hikers taken the Creek Circuit. In this question, “expert hikers” has a same meaning with “more experienced walkers”. “The Bush Track” is also appeared in the audio, but it is for “walkers” not for “expert”. The correct choosing is C (the Creek Circuit).


14

What is mentioned about the transport in the park?


A Bicycles can be hired. B Trams are available for tourists. C It is included in the bill.
Answer: C
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

According to the tour guide, the transport in the park is covered in the bill. The word “covered” has the same meaning with “included”. So C (It is included in the bill) is the correct answer of question 14.


15

Which activity is provided for adults all year round?


A abseiling B bungee jumping C paragliding
Answer: A
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

Question 15

Abseiling (A) is available regardless of the weather. It mean that this activity is provided all year around.

Bungee jumping (B) and paragliding (C) are also available except for during the summer.

The answer is A (abseiling)


16

What should the visitors do before they go to the restaurant?


A make bookings B inquire about availability C collect the meal ticket at the reception
Answer: C
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

About meals, the visitors just need to get their meal tickets at the reception before dining.

They no need to make reservations (A) or worry about availability (B), so B and C is wrong answer.

The correct answer of question 16 is C (collect the meal ticket at the reception).


Questions 17-20


Label the plan below.

Write the correct letter, A-I, next to Questions 17-20.



17 ABCDEFGHI Campsite

18 ABCDEFGHI Business Centre

19 ABCDEFGHI Museum

20 ABCDEFGHI Cafe


Previous Next
Section 2
Section 3: Questions 21-30

Questions 21-24


Choose the correct letter,A, B or C.


21

How old are the students onthe nursing program?


A They are teenagers. B They are in their twenties C They belong to different age groups
Answer: C
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

The question is “how old?”.

Helen said: “I was surprised by the diversity”. So you need to choose C (They belong to different age groups) as the correct answer of this question.

Do not hesitate about the answer B (twenties), because there were also those in their thirties or even forties.


22

What do the speakers say about the group project?


A It helps to improve relationship among different classmates. B It helps to develop problem solving skills. C It provides supportive learning environment.
Answer: A
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

Both answer A and answer B were mentioned in the audio. According to Paul, A is more important.

So we need to choose A (It helps to improve relationship among different classmates) as the correct answer of question 22.


23

Which part of the program surprised Paul?


A There’s a number of essays to write. B There’s a lot of practical work. C There’s internship provided.
Answer: A
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

The word “surprised” has the same meaning with “amazed”. Paul was amazed by the amount of written assignments. So the correct answer is A (There’s a number of essays to write).


24

What do they feel about learning law?


A It is essential training. B It is too theoretical. C It takes up too much time.
Answer: A
Listen from here Locate Explain Report

Note:

At first they think that learning law is reduntdant and too time–consuming (answer C). But it is not the answer of this question because they realised that it is necessary in dealing with future medical disputes. This means that answer A (It is essential training) is the correct answer.


Questions 25-30


What are the suggestions offered by the speakers?

Choose SIX answers from the box and write the correct letter, A-H, next to Questions 25-30.


A get feedback from teaching staff
B do more reading
C get help from school supporting staff
D get help for nursing problems
E manage time properly
F be well prepared
G review the notes regularly
H don’t set unrealistic goals

25 ABCDEFGH Essays

26 ABCDEFGH Lectures

27 ABCDEFGH Research

28 ABCDEFGH Online forum

29 ABCDEFGH Placement tests

30 ABCDEFGH Freshmen


Previous Next
Section 3
Section 4: Questions 31-40

Questions 31-40


Complete the notes below.

Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.

Penguins in Africa

Appearance and lifestyle

They are also called Jackass Penguins for the sound they make.

The 31 of their body remains constant.

They restrict their 32 on land from dusk till dawn.

They cannot fly because they have heavy 33

They nest under 34

They eat tree 35

Predators

• seals

• 36

• seagulls (eat the penguin 37 )

Threats

They lose 38 in winter.

They are fighting for nesting 39 and food because of human activities

In order to improve survivorship, it is helpful to increase the 40 of their genes.


Previous
Section 4
Change Audio Sources

Source 1

Source 2


SECTION 1

Employee:

Good afternoon. Welcome to Matrix Printing. I’m John Smith. How can I help you?

Customer:

Good afternoon. I’m here to reprint a brochure for our hotel. There are some pages that need revising.

Employee:

Sure, how may I address you?

Customer:

Oh, I’m Mary Jane from Central Hotel Chains. Nice to meet you. I’ve got samples of the previous version.

Employee:

I assume it is your company’s advertising brochure?

Customer:

Yes.

Employee:

What exactly is the problem?

Customer:

Well, it was printed the year before, so some of the information is already out-of-date. There are also a couple of problems with thelayout. Firstly, the letters of the address on the front page are fartoo small. It’s hard to see when glancing at the cover.

Employee:

How big do you need it to be?

Customer:

Increase the letters by 3 font sizes.

Employee:

Just a minute. Let me take notes of your requirements... OK, what else needs changing?

Customer:

The information regarding the pool should be deleted, because it is currently under renovation and is not available.

Employee:

So all of the relevant descriptions on page 2 should be removed? What do we replace it with? We can"t just leave the whole pageblank.

Customer:

Just fill it in with the introduction of our newly-opened gym. I’ve included all the relevant information here in this flash drive.

Employee:

Let me check...Um. I see. No problem then.

Customer:

What is also bothering us is that the description under the top photo on page 4 is incorrect. The wore lounge needs to be replacedwith reception.

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Employee:

Fully noted. Is that all?

Customer:

No, there is more. Turn to page 5. We feel that showing merely the picture of our exterior and interior decoration does not fullyrepresent the appeal of our hotel. On second thought, we’vedecided to use a picture with the view of the hotel.

Employee:

Do you have the original copy of the picture?

Customer:

Yes, it is also enclosed in the flash drive.

Employee:

OK, we’ll reedit the whole layout of the photos.

Customer:

Great.

Customer:

Let’s turn to the next page.

Employee:

Yes, what’s wrong with that? It seems perfectly fine to me.

Customer:

At first sight, it seems fine. But according to the feedback of the customers, the prices do not stand out, so we want to change theprint from black to red to make it pop out.

Employee:

OK. I’ve made notes of all your requests. Is there anything else?

Customer:

I appreciate it. Just one final request. Could you translate the whole brochure into Spanish? We have customers worldwide, youknow, especially those from Latin countries.

Employee:

No problem. What about other languages, like Japanese, Chinese or German? These are our most popular target languages.

Customer:

I have to ask the manager about the Chinese version. There’s been a surging number of Chinese clients during recent years. However,we don’t need German or Japanese translations as we currentlydon’t have many customers from those two countries.

Employee:

Sure. Just keep me updated.

Customer:

So roughly when could we get the revised print? We need it before the end of July.

Employee:

It’s late June now. Roughly it’ll take 3 weeks to reedit, so it will definitely be ready before the deadline.

Customer:

Great.

Employee:

To where shall we send the samples?

Customer:

The address is No. 9 Green Drive, Cliffion, NY21300.

Employee:

How do you spell Cliffion?

Customer:

C-L-I-double F-T-O-N, Cliffion.

Employee:

And the telephone number?

Customer:

It’s 9-0-3-0-3-6-6-0-2. Also, if you have any further questions, youcan reach me through this number.

Employee:

OK.


SECTION 2

Welcome to Byron National Park. 1 am Jim Carson, your tour guide for the trip. First. I’d like to give you some basic information about the park.

Covering 7,000 acres of land and spanning across 3 states, Byron National Park was established to protect the area’s most spectacular scenic values. Withunique geologic features, natural history and native plant and animal life, it isan ideal destination for recreation as well as research purposes.The park hasa breathtaking waterfall connecting the longest river in the country, but it ismost renowned for having the largest sub-tropicalrainforestworldwide.Thereare many layers of tall, medium and low vegetation growing with seasonalvariations in the park. It is a place where the air seems green.

Ardent hikers can find an awesome array of options here. Apart from the dense greenrainforest, tourists can also hike along the mountain trail. Despite thestunning view, taking photos is not advised on the way up, I’m afraid, as onemight get distracted and the narrow trail by the sheer cliff is quite dangerous.When you reach the top of the mountain, there is nothing better than havinga picnic under the trees with your family.Accompanied mostly by wildlife,walkers as well as cyclists may find the Bush Track a good choice for having atranquil time to themselves.As your tour guide, I suggest that only expert hikerstake the Creek Circuit,because its beautiful and inspiring scenery through thesubtropical jungle is paralleled by its physical challenges.

A list of transport is available within the park. Bicycles are a popular choice as it is the most flexible way to get around. Electric trams are temporarily closedfor maintenance. Boat trips down the river are an ideal way to spend a tranquilafternoon.Rest assured that transport within the park is covered in the bill.

Extreme sports is another highlight of the park. They are for adventurous grown-ups, especially those who are comfortable with having a racing heart.Scary as it may sound, it is actually safe to participate in extreme sports understrict instructions and close supervision.Abseiling is available regardless of theweather.It is a fun way to overcome fear of heights, gain new skills and get anadrenaline rush. Bungee jumping and paragliding are also available except forduring the summer.

At this point, you might worry about meals here. Well, even though there is only one restaurant in the park at the moment, the variety of dishes is astonishing.There are two meals included in the price.Just get your meal ticket at thereception before dining.Also, there is no need to make reservations or worryabout availability since there are plenty of tables.

During your stay here, you might want to know what there is to do. Let’s turn to the plan so I can familiarise you with the layout of the park.

Most tourists would choose to stay in our guesthcuselocated in the southeast comer. It features 63 tastefully appointed guest rooms, many of which offerspectacular views of the park. You’ll find a home away from home at our guesthouse.

But for those who want to experience the natural beauty up-close, there is also a campsite.When you get out of the guesthouse, go straight ahead, turn rightat the end of the road. To your left, there is a campsite amongst the treeswhereyou could spend a night under the stars together with owls and chipmunks.

If you look at the top left of the plan, you will notice a picnic area. You can either bring your own food or we can deliver food to you.Barbequeis anoption.The Business Centre is situated directly opposite the picnic area.Itprovides flexible, fully serviced offices, conferencing suites, meeting rooms andis equipped with the latestmulti-media facilities. Wired as well as wireless highspeed Internet is available within the entire premises. The Centre is designed tocater to both individual travellers and corporate groups.

Visitors can also go to the museum which holds a vast collection, that exhibits local history and a natural habitat.You start from the guesthouse, just turn leftat the first conjunction, then walk past theteahouse, turn right. You’ll see themuseum after making the 3rd right.Have you found it?...Pretty easy, right?

To spend a delightful afternoon with a book and a fresh cup of coffee, you can go to the onlycafein the park.From the guesthouse you go straight, then takethe 2nd right and you’ll see thecaferight in front of you.

You might want to check out our all-season tennis court which offers instruction for all ages and skill levels. It is located right opposite thecafe...


SECTION 3

Tutor:

Helen and Paul, congratulations to you both for doing so well the past semester. You two have exhibited an impeccable performance duringyour first year in the nursing program. I’d like to get some feedbackfrom the two of you to better improve the program and to provideguidance for our prospective students. I’d like to start with you, Helen.So first of all, which aspect of the program impressed you?

Helen:

Well, to be honest, whenIwas enrolled into the course, I was expecting a group of classmates my age. But asIstepped into the classroomfor the first time,Iwas surprised by the diversity. Most were in theirtwenties, but there were also those in their thirties or even forties. Asit turns out, theintergenerationalcommunication has sparked intensedebate and new thinking, and I think that’s something special about theprogram thatIappreciate very much.

Tutor:

What about you, Paul? What do you think of the program?

Paul:

For me the group project we carried out last semester is another key feature of the program. The whole class was divided into 8 differentgroups working on 8 perspective cases. Team building sessions wereconducted in a collaborative way most of the time. Comprised of fivemembers, our group studied acutepancreatitis. During the process,we broke the task into different parts and assigned them to eachmember. We were then able to tackle the complex problem by poolingour knowledge and skills. More importantly, stronger links wereestablished between the group members. Because of the project, we’veall become good friends.

Tutor:

That’s true. According to graduates, group projects prepare them for the work world in which teamwork and collaboration are increasinglythe norm. So tell me, Paul, what else do you like about the program?

Paul:

I want to be a registered nurse working in a public hospital after graduation. So the internship provided is a valuable opportunity forclinical practice in a supportive learning atmosphere. However, I wasamazed by the amount ofwrr.ten assignments since I thought thecourse should have focused more on practice-oriented learning.

Helen:

Well, I have to disagree with you, Paul. The essays demonstrate your understanding of the course. For me, writing essays is a process thatinvolves critical thinking which challenges me to develop my pointsmore thoroughly. I thus managed to gain a diversity of perspectives.

Tutor:

The program is designed to deliver basic and advanced theoretical knowledge of core concepts including health care systems concepts,together with practicum or clinical practice experience to bridge theclassroom content to the practice setting. So I’m afraid written work isunavoidable. Also this year, we’ve added a module of law. How do youfeel about that?

Helen:

At first we felt that learning law is kind of redundant and too time-consuming. After a few sessions, we realised that it is necessary in dealing with future medical disputes.

Tutor:

Do you have any suggestions for prospective students?

Paul:

What bothers me most is handing in essays on time. I almost missed the deadline once because there were three essays due within the sameweek. So rationalising your time is critical.

Helen:

Well, that’s true. The lectures deliver so much useful information. I have poor memory so I kept making notes and revisiting them on aregular basis. To my surprise, at the end of the semester, I have learntthe key concepts by heart.

Tutor:

How was the research? I heard that it was quite challenging. How did you manage to overcome the difficulties?

Paul:

That’s true. The majority of us had no clue how to carry out the research at first. Fortunately, when I was digging up reference materials at thelibrary, I sought help from the librarian. She taught me about finding theappropriate resources and choosing the proper research methods.

Tutor:

Have you checked out the online forum?

Helen:

Yes, it has become a habit for me to visit the forum regularly. In asense, it extends classroom learning. It is where the students post academic problems that they come across and get support from thefaculty members.

Paul:

Some of my classmates didn’t do so well during the placement tests. I feel that background reading is necessary.

Tutor:

Lastly, do you have anything to say to the freshmen?

Helen:

I was really ambitious at first, trying to get straightA’son my transcript. I made tons of notes and worked hard even on the optionalassignments to get extra credit. I stressed myself out before having anemotional breakdown. After consulting myadvisor, I found it importantto set realistic goals. Don’t push yourself too hard. It is wise to sort outyour priorities.

Tutor:

Thank you for coming here today and providing valuable feedback on the program. Have a great summer break.


SECTION 4

Good morning everyone. Today’s lecture is about a type of adorableanimal—the penguin. When you think of penguins, you may picture them surrounded bysnow and ice. But not all penguins live where it’scold—Africanpenguins livein the southern tip of Africa. They are usually found within 40 kilometres of theshore and on a number of its surrounding islands.

African Penguins are also known as Jackass Penguins, because they make donkey-like braying sounds to communicate. African penguins can keep theirbodytemperatureat a stable level. But their land habitat can get quite warm,so there are a number of ways for them to stay cool. They limit their daylightmovementson breeding sites on land to early mornings and early evenings toavoid too much sun. The pink glands above their eyes can help them cope withthe temperate climates. Like other penguins, African penguins spend most of theday feeding in the ocean, which also helps keep them cool.

Being a type of small to medium sized penguin species, African penguins average about 60 centimetres tall and weigh up to 3.6 kilograms. They have ablack stripe and a pattern of unique black spots on their chest. Males are largerthan females and have larger beaks. Even though they are categorised as birds, African penguins aren’t able to fly because of their heavybones. Their wings aremore like flippers that make them particularly suited for life in the water. Whenthey’re on land, their flippers and their tails help them keep their balance andwalk upright.

African Penguins begin to breed at the average age of four. When a male and female pair up, they tend to breed together for the rest of their lives. Most otherpenguins nest and lay their eggs out in the open, but African penguins have adifferent approach. They digholesunder bushes out of their own excrement,called guano, so they are sheltered from the sun and predators.

The African Penguin survives on a diet that is comprised mainly of marine organisms. They feed primarily on fish like sardines, along with the occasionalsquid and shellfish. But when normal food is in short supply, they eat treerootsas well. The streamlined body of the African Penguin allows it to move throughthe water like a rocket, capable of reaching a speed of around 20 kilometres perhour when hunting for food.

The African Penguin’s smaller size means that it has many predators both in the water and also on dry land. Their natural predators at sea include seals andsharks. The biggest threat to them on land is not just towards the adult penguins.The penguin chicks are sometimes taken by seagulls into the air and droppedfrom above. The seagulls could thus feed on them.

At risk from predators, young penguins are protected for about 40 days after hatching by both parents. They will leave the colony when they are between 3 to5 months old and will return a few years later. The entire surface of their body isdensely covered withfeathers, which fall off during the winter. This process iscalledmoltingand takes about three weeks to complete. During that time, theyare unable to forage. Therefore prior to this, African penguins spend about fiveweeks laying down fat deposits.

They generally live between 10 to 15 years, however many do not reach their full life span. Their population has drastically declined. Approximately 120,000African penguins remain in the wild, and their population has decreased by 90%in the past 60 years. They are considered to be vulnerable and have been listed as being endangered. Two major factors have contributed to their decline. They are struggling for nesting space due to human disruption and competing for food due to overfishing and pollution.

With the limited number of breeding pairs,survivorshipbecomes difficult for African penguins. This makes them especially vulnerable as environmentalconditions change or an outbreak of a disease occurs. For instance, avianmalaria has caused 27% of the captive-breeding penguins’ deaths annually. Themore geneticdiversitythere is within a species, the higher the likelihood that atleast some of the individuals will adapt and survive.